In this part of the web page we want to give some very general informations about Jordan. (The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan)

Jordan (Al-Urdunn) is a country in the Middle East. It is bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the north-east, Israel and the West Bank to the west, and Saudi Arabia to the east and south. It shares with the Dead Sea with Israel, and the Gulf of Aqaba with Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.

Geography:
The main part of Jordan consists of a plateau that starts from the east site of the Jordan River and continues into the neighboring countries. The altitude of the plateau is mainly between 600-900m over sea level. A big part of Jordan is desert. There are also parts with fertile land and Mediterranean evergreen forestry.
The Jordan valley situated to the west has an altitude of around 200 m. under sea level with its lowest point at the death sea (around 400 m under sea level) and the Jordan River is passing through.

Climate:
There is a big difference between the summer and winter temperatures in Jordan. During December, January and February the temperature can go down to 0 degree Celsius in some parts of Jordan. Temperatures under 0 are quite seldom.
From October to April there are periods of rainy weather and sometimes snow and frost. It can be very stormy in times with very strong winds.
July, August and September are the hottest months with temperatures that can rise up to 49 degree Celsius.
There is also a big difference between the day and night temperature as it can be 10 degrees Celsius and more.
The weather in the area of Aqaba ( red sea)and the Dead Sea is warm during most part of the year.

Language:
The main language is Arabic. English serves as a second language in business and science. Most Jordanians speak English.

Death Sea:
The Death Sea is situated on the lowest point of the earth around 400 m. under sea level. The salt contains of the water is nearly 4 times higher then in normal sea water because of this swimmers float on the water with ease.

Aqaba:
Aqaba is situated at the Golf of Aqaba at the Red Sea. It is Jordan’s only port. The red sea is famous for its coral banks and its beautiful underwater world.

Amman:
Amman is the capital of Jordan. It is a busy ever-growing town that is the centre of business, science and politics of Jordan. During the Hellenistic-Roman ages it was called Philadelphia.

Jerash:
Jerash is a city in the north of Amman. It is famous for its ruins. Jerash was a part of the Decapolis and the ancient in Roman architecture built city is in very good condition. There are a number of other cities in Jordan that were part of the Decapolis like: Om Al Jamal, Ajlun, Umm Qais , Irak Il Amir.


Madaba:
The city of madaba is in the north of amman. It is famous for the mosaics from the byzantine times.

Al Karak:
contains an important castle from the times of Salah al-Din, known as Al-Karak Castle. Madaba:

The city of Madaba is in the north of Amman. Madaba.It is famous for its mosaics and the Madaba Map that is found in the church of Saint Georg and is the oldest map of the holy land(560 ad). To the west is the hilly region of mount Nebo from where on clear days the buildings of Jerusalem are visible at day and the lights at night.

Petra:
Petra was, the home of the Nabateans. Petra is situated 262km north of Amman. Petra is the most famous site in Jordan. The rose city (il medine il wordie) as it is called because of various structures carved into the rock that is rose-red coloured. To go to Petra someone has to pass through a narrow gorge in the mountain (Siq). At the end of it becomes the most beautiful of the monuments visible, the Treasury (Khazneh) visible. There are hundreds of buildings, the roman theatre, royal tombs, the high place of sacrifice, the monastery etc. Petra is one of the “New Seven Wonders of the World”.


Wadi Rum:
In Wadi Rum someone can experience the atmosphere of the Arabian desert and its beauty. The area is populated from Bedouins since generations.

Salt:
Salt is the old capital of Jordan. There are lots of interesting buildings downtown and the old Jordanian way of live is still present. The historical name is Saltos.
Salt
Salt


Karak:
Karak is famous for its castle from the times of Salah al-Din.

Erbit:
The bride of the North as Jordanians calls it.

Communications:
Telephone handy fax and internet are found everywhere in Jordan. Arabic and English newspapers are sold at all newsstands. Foreign newspapers and books and other publications are found in big bookstores Markets.

Currency:
Jordanian dinar. One Jordanian dinar is 1000 fills.

Weekend:
The weekend is on Friday and Saturday.

Useful sentences (the Arabic words are in Latin pronunciation):
Salam aleikum: Welcome, greeting ( peace on you)
Aleíkum salám: Answer to salam aleikum, greeting.
Áchlan os áchlan; Welcome used to great visitors.
Márchaba: Good day
Des bach ála cher: Good night
Shúkran: Thank you
Bídi a ruh …: I want to go…
. Kef uásel la…: How can I go to …
Uén fi…: Where is…
Táxi: Taxi
Bus : Bus
Sayára: Car
Tayára: Aeroplane
Matár: Airport
Fóntog: Hotel
Mátaam: Restaurant
Hamám: Bathroom , toilets
Mái: Water
Lábaneh: Yoghurt
Lában: Yoghurt
Sémak: Fish
Tjátj: Chicken
Saláta: Salad
Chóbis: Bread
Zet: Oil
Schái: Tee
Gáchua: Coffee
Láchme: Meat
Ruj: Rice
Makaróna: Noodles
Patáta: Potatoes
Tjíbne: Cheese
Bit: Wine
Bíra: Beer
Chámra: Alcoholic beverages, red Wine.
Súker: Sugar
Mélech: Salt
Fílfif: Pepper
Bácharat: Spices
Éckel: Food
Chal: Vinegar